By D. Hull, T. W. Clyne
This new version has been significantly enlarged and up-to-date to supply either scientists and engineers with a transparent and entire figuring out of composite fabrics. In describing either theoretical and functional features in their creation, houses and utilization, the publication crosses the borders of many disciplines. themes lined comprise: fibers, matrices, laminates and interfaces; elastic deformation, rigidity and pressure, power, fatigue crack propagation and creep resistance; durability and thermal houses; fatigue and deterioration below environmental stipulations; fabrication and purposes. assurance has been elevated to incorporate polymeric, metal and ceramic matrices and reinforcement within the type of lengthy fibers, brief fibers and debris. Designed essentially as a instructing textual content for ultimate yr undergraduates in fabrics technology and engineering, this e-book also will curiosity undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering. furthermore, it is going to be a superb resource ebook for tutorial and technological researchers on fabrics.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Composite Materials
New York: Marcel Dekker. Acrylics are used for lenses, aircraft and building glazing, lighting fixtures, coatings, textile fibers, fluorescent street lights, outdoor signs, and boat windshields. 4 Chlotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) Chlorotrifluorethylene is sold under the tradename of Kel–F. It is a fluorocarbon with the following chemical structure: Cl F C C F F n Although CTFE has a wide range of corrosion resistance, it has less resistance than PTFE, FEP, and PFA. 11 Compatibility of Acrylics with Selected Corrodents Chemical Acetaldehyde Acetic acid, 10% Acetic acid, 50% Acetic acid, 80% Acetic acid, glacial Acetic anhydride Acetone Alum Aluminum chloride, aqueous Aluminum hydroxide Aluminum sulfate Ammonia gas Ammonium carbonate Ammonium chloride, sat.
They are long-chain linear molecules that are easily formed by the application of heat and pressure at temperatures above a critical temperature referred to as the glass temperature. Because of this ability to be re-formed by heat, these materials can be recycled. However, thermal aging that results from repeated exposure to the high temperatures required for melting causes eventual degradation of the polymer and limits the number of reheat cycles. Polymers are formed as the result of a polymerization reaction of a monomer that is a single molecule or substance consisting of single molecules.
As with other fluoropolymers, ECTFE will be attacked by metallic sodium and potassium. The useful properties of ECTFE are maintained on exposure to cobalt-60 radiation of 20 Mrads. ECTFE also exhibits excellent resistance to weathering and UV radiation. 13 shows the compatibility of ECTFE with selected corrodents. Reference  provides a more extensive listing. ECTFE has found application as pipe and vessel liners and in piping systems, chemical process equipment, and high-temperature wire and cable insulation.
An Introduction to Composite Materials by D. Hull, T. W. Clyne