Read e-book online Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes PDF

By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti

ISBN-10: 3319123335

ISBN-13: 9783319123332

ISBN-10: 3319123343

ISBN-13: 9783319123349

This ebook examines the usage of algae for the improvement of beneficial items and procedures with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and approaches, and the necessities to make those potential. Serving as an entire reference consultant to the construction of biofuels and different price extra items from micro and macro algae, it covers quite a few features of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to massive scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for numerous items. it's authored and edited by way of revered global specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and offers the freshest and leading edge info on advancements within the box. over the last decade there was gigantic concentration and similar literature at the software of algal biomass for the new release of novel methods and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and procedures’ features a holistic method of seriously comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology when taking into consideration fresh advances and development at the physique of data. features of the consequences of damaging algae also are mentioned, in addition to the capability advertisement software of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel construction and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy assets comparable to alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are lined. This e-book is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes perfect reference fabric for either early degree and validated researchers.

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Sample text

2014; Sutherland et al. 2014a) and is an evidence of carbon limitation. Carbon dioxide absorption from the atmosphere through the surface of a raceway is entirely insufficient to support photosynthesis during sunlight. This carbon deficit is accentuated during peak sunlight periods. A supply of carbon dioxide is necessary to avert carbon limitation and attain high biomass productivity. Carbon dioxide can be effectively supplied in response to a pH signal. The pH should be controlled well below eight by injecting carbon dioxide.

Contamination with heterotrophic bacteria is inevitable (Erkelens et al. 2014) and not necessarily harmful, but may necessitate implementation of specific controls depending on the final application of the alga being grown. 10 Dependence of Photosynthesis on Culture Depth Growth is driven by photosynthetically active radiation, or PAR, the component of the sunlight that is within the wavelength range of 400–750 nm. Although the peak sunlight level at solar noon at the surface of a raceway in a tropical location may be as high as 2000 μE m−2 s−1, photosynthesis saturates at roughly 10–20 % of the peak PAR value.

1 Biomass Productivity The biomass productivity of a culture system is a measure of its ability to produce biomass. Productivity may be expressed either in volume terms, or in terms of the surface area of the culture pond. In a batch culture, the volumetric productivity (Pv, kg m−3 d−1) of the biomass is determined as follows: Pv ¼ Xf À Xi Dt ð11Þ where Xi (kg m−3) is the initial concentration of the biomass, Xf (kg m−3) is the peak concentration of the biomass, and Δt (d) is the time interval between inoculation and the attainment of the peak biomass concentration (Chisti 2012).

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Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes by Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti

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