By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the varsity of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dept of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate research in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval via the South Carolina fee on better schooling. For 20 years we group taught our graduate-level path, "Psychosocial ways to Geron tology," regarding colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded hundreds of thousands of analysis posters ready through our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate direction requirement. numerous years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the college. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older component of our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately on a daily basis for the reason that retirement, Ernie usually telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex mentioned him on the Gerontological Society's annual medical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the college of the school of Social paintings on the college of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate learn in Gerontology application, guiding it to ultimate approval by means of the South Carolina fee on better schooling.
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Additional info for Aging and Human Motivation
Though there have been numerous criticisms of a machine-like "wear and tear" theory of aging, Yates and Benton (1995) do find it useful to some extent, at least on a population level. Many health problems in older individuals may be attributed to the prevalence of certain lifestyles. However, some biological changes may have only minimal behavioral consequences, and some may even be adaptive. For example, Katzman (1995) has pointed out that the presence of neural plaques is commonly identified as a biological symptom of Alzheimer's pathology, but the correlation of this observation with cognitive measures is small.
In healthy individuals, ACTH stimulates cortisol production, and cortisol in turn reduces ACTH release-a negative biological feedback mechanism. Since dex inhibits ACTH release, cortisol plasma levels will also be suppressed after dex administration. When disturbances affect the HPA system, the negative feedback system may not be functioning properly, and dex may not suppress plasma cortisol levels. , 1990). Thus, administration of standard doses of dex and subsequent measurement of plasma cortisol have led to the development of the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) as a tool used in psychiatric diagnosis.
Sapolsky (1992), in his review of the adrenocortical axis changes in aging humans, also indicates that "the most striking feature of adrenocortical function in aged humans is its normalcy" (p. 315). Not only are basal functions maintained, but responsivity to stress via the secretion of ACTH also seems to remain intact through adulthood in healthy individuals. However, it is difficult to test this relationship because it is unethical to induce stress in people, and the limited available data are based mostly postsurgical cases and some experimental hypoglycemia studies (Sapolsky, 1992).
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott