By Jan Faye
The philosophy of the humanistic sciences has been a blind-spot in analytic philosophy. This ebook argues that via adopting a suitable pragmatic research of clarification and interpretation it's attainable to teach that medical perform of humanistic sciences could be understood on related traces to medical perform of usual and social sciences.
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Additional resources for After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities
Opposing the naturalistic, reductionist view that would reduce human nature to biology, we find the social constructivists claiming that the conception of Man is socially constructed. On this view there would be no ‘human nature’, had it not been that biological needs were transformed and regulated by social norms. Hence, whatever phenomena cannot be adequately explained purely biologically, can be explained by the social sciences. But the subjects of the human sciences are also contingentt on what we have learned through the social sciences.
For instance, why is astrology not a human science? Theoretical definitions set standards for how we should understand and use words, regardless of what kind of theoretical context these definitions are included in. All sciences include a number of epistemic values and methodological requirements for what to say and what to do, how to weight observations and experiments in relation to hypotheses and conjectures, and what should be the subject of our research. The sciences are a part of modern culture, a social activity that is intended to produce knowledge and insight, as such there are just as many standards associated with the sciences as there are with other cultural spheres.
Naturalization is therefore primarily an act of thought by which we, as cognitive and reflexive creatures, opt for such a stance including these commitments. Finally, a philosophical reconstruction of human research based on a naturalistic attitude attempts to show that the practice of various humanistic disciplines, or at least a good part of it, can be understood as a naturalization of the humanities. The ontological commitment holds that a particular domain of objects constitutes nature and therefore that these objects arose as a result of natural processes.
After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities by Jan Faye