By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of fuel and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics examine and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains procedure simplification and intensification in undefined, delivering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discount rates and effort protection. complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental purposes provides a finished assessment of membrane utilisation and integration inside strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) seize in coal and gasoline strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gas, common gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power purposes and effort garage, comparable to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen creation. eventually, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its amazing editors and group of professional members, complex membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers drawn to this field.
- Presents a entire evaluate of membrane technological know-how and expertise, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane approaches and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement power purposes and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Extra resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
2010) HPAA/PSf BSA solution, aqueous solution containing heavy metal Higher water ﬂux, higher rejection of BSA and Cd (II) Han, Yu, et al. (2012) CNC/PSf Papermaking efﬂuent Decreasing mechanical strength by increasing CNC content, higher permeation, good ability in papermaking efﬂuent ﬁltration Zhou, Zhao, Bai, Zhang, and Tang (2012) PVDF/SPPO Ionic solution Higher water content and ionexchange capacity, superior performance by 60% SPPO and 40% PVDF Khodabakhshi et al. (2012) PSf/b-CPU Solution of heavy metal Higher hydrophilicity, more water ﬂux and rejection, lower porosity, less mechanical strength Adams et al.
The main focus in blending polymers is to increase hydrophilicity and decrease membrane fouling. Rahimpour and Madaeni (2007) prepared PES membrane by blending different concentrations of CAP (20, 30, and 40 wt%) and PVP (2, 4, and 8 wt%) as a pore former. Contact angle measurements showed that the hydrophilicity of membranes was enhanced for all compositions because of numerous acidic and carbonyl functional groups in the CAP structure. Pure water ﬂux, milk water permeation, and protein rejection also increased with an increase in PES/CAP compositions up to 80/20.
1 summarizes some studies on composite membranes and the main properties of blending polymers. 1 Studies on composite polymeric membranes Materials Feed solution Properties of composite versus nascent membrane CA/SPSf — Larger pore size Malaisamy, Mahendran, and Mohan (2002) PVDF/PMMA Efﬂuent from engine factory Larger macrovoides, higher hydrophilicity, lower fouling Ochoa, Masuelli, and Marchese (2003) PS/PA Solution of CNe, Zn2þ, ZnðCN2À 4 Þ Good chemical stability, less mechanical resistance, good selectivity Amado, Gondran, Ferreira, Rodrigues, and Ferreira (2004) PES/CAP/PVP Milk Higher hydrophilicity, more pure water ﬂux, milk water permeation, and protein rejection Rahimpour and Madaeni (2007) PES/PI/PVP Salt solution Higher hydrophilicity, more pure water ﬂux, more salt rejection Mansourpanah, Madaeni, Adeli, and Rahimpour (2009) SPC/PVDF Oilewater emulsion Lower fouling Masuelli et al.
Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes