By David G. Williamson
This re-creation has been reformatted and fully revised to check diplomacy among 1878 and 1941. The content material makes a speciality of the subsequent areas:
- growing to be foreign tensions among the good Powers 1878-1914
- the 1st global War
- Peace settlements and the influence of the good melancholy within the inter-war period
- The countdown to and motives of the second one global War
Throughout the publication, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written through examiners give you the chance to advance examination talents.
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Extra resources for Access to History. War and Peace: International Relations 1878-1941
The Russo-Japanese War 1904–5 When it became clear by 1904 that Russia would not withdraw troops from Manchuria and cede to Japan a dominant position in Korea, the Anglo-Japanese Treaty enabled Japan to launch a surprise attack on Port Arthur. The subsequent Russo-Japanese War was fought in isolation. Neither France, which had just signed a colonial agreement with Britain, ‘the Entente’ (see page 41), nor Germany wanted to ﬁght Britain, and each feared that its involvement in a Far Eastern war would make it vulnerable to an attack in Europe.
You will also be expected to assess how far German policy was essentially defensive throughout the period. How far did the New Course (pages 31–2) depart from the principles underpinning Bismarck’s policy designed to protect the gains of the Treaty of Frankfurt? How far do the policies of Weltpolitik and the development of the naval arms race indicate a change in the direction and objectives of German policy? In dealing with the interests of the other powers, you should keep in mind Austro-Russian rivalry over the Balkans and Anglo-French imperial rivalry.
Its terms were as follows: • Russia would assist France with ‘all her available forces’ if it was attacked by Germany or Italy supported by Germany. • France would do the same for Russia if it was attacked by Germany or Austria backed by Germany. • The treaty was to last as long as the Triple Alliance (see page 19). The treaty marked the end of France’s isolation in Europe and, even though its precise terms were secret, fuelled German fears that in any future war France and Russia would be allies.
Access to History. War and Peace: International Relations 1878-1941 by David G. Williamson