By Jon E. Taylor
During the last century, 3 nationally major histories have vied for house and position in Independence, Missouri. Independence used to be declared Zion via Joseph Smith, served as a meeting and provisioning element for trails west, and was once known as domestic by way of President Truman for sixty-four years. Taylor has built-in examine from newspapers, public files, oral histories, and personal papers to element how the group has preserved those quite a few legacies. He areas the position of maintenance in Independence not just in the higher context of protection within the usa but in addition in the context of yank environmental heritage.
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Extra info for A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories in Independence, Missouri
Historian Alfred Runte has argued that these natural areas were developed and promoted as tourist attractions by the railroad companies that built rail lines directly to them. In 1916 the National Park Service (NPS) was created, answering a call from some who wanted places of natural beauty preserved because they were unique to America. The preservation of natural landscapes fostered the type of American nationalism described by Bodnar and Kammen and symbolized the special place that America held in the world.
7 In 1838 Governor Lilburn Boggs, an Independence resident, signed an executive order that expelled the Mormons from Missouri. Smith and his followers traveled on to Illinois, where they founded Nauvoo. In Nauvoo, Joseph Smith held the title of chief magistrate, and the Mormons attempted once again to establish the type of community that Independence had rejected. The saints constructed a temple that served as a meeting place, and for a while its members enjoyed relative peace in their isolation from others, but trouble soon found them once again.
13 While members were slowly returning to Independence, Joseph Smith III and other church leaders took measures that distanced their church from Utah and developed stronger ties to Missouri, and to Independence in particular. In 1872 the church had officially adopted a name: The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS). Clearly, the church, in selecting this name, wanted to distinguish itself from the Utah church. 14 In 1881 the church headquarters moved closer to Missouri, and church leaders made Lamoni, Iowa, their base of operations.
A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories in Independence, Missouri by Jon E. Taylor