By Charles Taliaferro, Elsa J. Marty
This can be an fundamental and accomplished source for college kids and students of philosophy of faith. "A Dictionary in Philosophy of faith" is an fundamental resource for college students and students. masking ancient and modern figures, arguments, and phrases, it bargains an outline of the very important subject matters that make philosophy of faith the turning out to be, energetic box that it's this day. as well as the entries co-authored by means of Taliaferro and Marty, top students in philosophy of faith have contributed to the Dictionary, together with Brian Davies, Pamela Sue Anderson, Paul Draper, Jerry partitions, Paul Griffiths, Douglas Hedley, Dale Jacquette, and Victoria Harrison. The Dictionary incorporates a chronology, an intensive advent to trendy philosophy of faith, and a bibliography. It covers global religions and assets from east and west. Entries were crafted for readability, succinctness, and engagement.
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Because of humanity’s original sin or perpetuation of sin, mere human moral and religious virtue is not able to avoid the deadliness of sin. Only if God becomes incarnate so that the perfect Jesus Christ, fully human and yet fully God, lives a perfect life and then assumes the punishment of sin can there be atonement. If God were simply to cancel the debt or punishment for sin without sacrifice, there would be no honoring of divine justice. Because of Jesus’ suffering and death, Jesus’ sacrifice is vicarious, taking the place of others.
Cosmological arguments frequently assert the impossibility of there being an infinite, actual series, but allow for potential, yet never complete infinites. In the latter case, there could be, in principle, a calculator that begins adding numbers, one per second, from now on ad infinitum, but it would never complete the series and reach the greatest possible number. Some philosophers believe there could never be such a complete, infinite series as in the children’s limerick: ADOPTIONISM. Rather than considering Jesus Christ to be the human incarnation of the second member of the trinity, adoptionists believe that Jesus was a human being who was designated by God as a divine agent or presence on earth.
ATOMISM. From the Greek atomos for indivisible, the view that the material world is composed of indivisible things. The theory, originally developed by Leucippus and Democritus in the fifth century BCE, that all matter is made up of indivisible atoms which are separated by the void. Ancient atomism asserts that there is a smallest piece of matter that cannot be divided. The only characteristics that such atoms have are shape and size. However, the way that atoms are oriented and the way they combine with other atoms also has an effect on the macroscopic scale.
A Dictionary of Philosophy of Religion by Charles Taliaferro, Elsa J. Marty