New PDF release: A Dictionary of Philosophy

By Antony G. Flew

ISBN-10: 0330256106

ISBN-13: 9780330256100

ISBN-10: 1349174181

ISBN-13: 9781349174188

ISBN-10: 1349174203

ISBN-13: 9781349174201

This is a brand new, up-to-date and revised version of a reference paintings that has proved important as a device for the coed of philosophy, in addition to a guide for the final reader. From the classical thinkers via Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, as much as the fashionable age of Russell and Wittgenstein, this entire dictionary spans the personalities, terminology, and vocabulary of hundreds of thousands of philosophers over millions of years.

This moment version of an immense and beneficial paintings has been thoroughly revised, and fifteen new significant articles were extra. Now, greater than ever ahead of, A Dictionary of Philosophy is an important and well timed paintings for the trendy pupil of thought.

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Austin, John (1790--1859). Perhaps the most influential philosopher of law of the 19th century. Austin was greatly influenced by the work of Jeremy *Bentham, especially in his 'positivist' approach to the nature of law (see law, philosophy of). In The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832), Austin argued for a strict separation between what the law is and what it ought to be. ) Austin defined law as a command of the sovereign, expressing his wish, and backed by sanctions for non-compliance.

See also effluxes, theory of; logical atomism; quantum mechanics. attributive. 1. Denoting a particular placing of an adjective. The adjective 'white' is in the attributive position in 'Silver is a white horse' and in the predicative position in 'Silver, the horse, is white'. 2. An adjective. If an adjective in either position requires a substantive to supply part of its sense, it is said to be 'syncategorematic or a logical attributive. For example, to say that a mouse is large involves the understanding that it is large-for-amouse, since a mouse is small-for-ananimal; Mary may be good at cooking, but indifferent at singing.

See Ibn Gabirol. average. 1. In one common sense, a word virtually synonymous with 'typical', 'ordinary', or 'in no way distinguished'. 2. More technically, the average is the arithmetic mean: to find, for instance, the average height of the people in a room you must add up the heights of every individual and divide that total by the total number of people. It is false to say, as is quite often said, that half the members of any group must be below and half above average in whatever respect anyone chooses to specify.

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A Dictionary of Philosophy by Antony G. Flew

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