Get 3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications PDF

By Sami Franssila

ISBN-10: 0470851058

ISBN-13: 9780470851050

An intensive creation to 3D laser microfabrication know-how, prime readers from the basics and concept to its a number of powerful functions, corresponding to the new release of tiny gadgets or third-dimensional constructions in the bulk of obvious materials.The e-book additionally offers new theoretical fabric on dielectric breakdown, permitting a greater knowing of the variations among optical harm on surfaces and contained in the bulk, in addition to a glance into the future.Chemists, physicists, fabrics scientists and engineers will locate this a invaluable resource of interdisciplinary wisdom within the box of laser optics and nanotechnology.

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Extra info for 3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications

Sample text

The heating rate by a powerful short-pulse laser is > 3 ” 1015 K s–1: and the temperature of the atomic sub-system rises to 50 electronvolts over 200 picoseconds. The cooling time of micron-sized heated region takes tens of microseconds. Supercooling of dense phases may occur if the quenching time is sufficiently short. Short heating and cooling times, along with the small size of the area where the phase transition takes place, can affect the rate of the direct and reverse phase transitions. In fact, phase transitions in these space and timescales have been studied very little.

T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. of Plasmas 9, 949–957 (2002). B. F. Garcia, E. Mazur, Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition rate femtosecond laser, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351–354 (2003). 3 A. Zakery, Y. V. Rode, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, Lowloss waveguides in ultra-fast deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films, JOSA B, 20, 1–9 (2003). A. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, (John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1991) 81–107. D. M. Lifshitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1984).

4 Laser–Solid Interaction at High Intensity The material behind the shock wavefront can be compressed and transformed to another phase state in such high-pressure conditions. After unloading, the shock-affected material then has to be transformed into a final state at normal pressure. The final state may possess properties different from those in the initial state. We consider, in succession, the stages of compression and phase transformation, pressure release and material transformation into a post-shock state.

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3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications by Sami Franssila

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